The mesenteric arteries take blood from the aorta and distribute it to a large portion of the gastrointestinal tract.
Poor blood flow within your digestive tract leaves cells without enough oxygen, which causes the cells to weaken and die. If damage is severe enough, infection, gangrene and eventually a hole (perforation) in the wall of the intestines can occur.
Narrowing (stenosis) of these arteries can cause
- Postprandial pain (abdominal pain shortly after eating)
- Severe abdominal pain
Risk Factors for mesenteric artery disease include:
- High Cholesterol